What is a Hernia and How Does it Occur?

In order to truly understand the purpose of hernia mesh, it’s important to first understand why it’s used by doctors and surgeons to treat the symptoms of a hernia. There are many ways to treat the symptoms of a hernia, and there are also some serious problems associated with the use of hernia mesh to treat this medical problem.

What is a Hernia?

According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), a hernia occurs when an organ, fatty tissue, or intestine bulges through a weak spot or hole in the surrounding connective tissue or muscle. Quite often, a hernia or hernias occur in the abdominal wall. In some cases, a hernia can become visible to the eye when straining or bearing down and may appear as an external bulge of some kind.   More information from the FDA

Types of Hernias

There are many different types of hernias that can occur, however, the most common hernias are:

  • Femoral: outer groin or upper thigh
  • Inguinal: inner groin
  • Umbilical: belly button
  • Hiatal: inside the abdomen, along the upper diaphragm/upper stomach
  • Incisional: through an incision or scar in the abdomen
  • Ventral: general abdominal or ventral wall

What Causes a Hernia?

It is common for a hernia to be caused by a combination of things: a weakness or opening of muscle in the connective tissue and pressure. It’s this pressure that causes internal tissue or organs to push through an opening or weak spot. While hernias occur most often later in life, they can also be present at birth due to muscle weakness. Likewise increased abdominal pressure, due to other issues like obesity, poor nutrition, overexertion, or lifting heavy objects can increase the likelihood of a hernia

How is a Hernia Treated?

Surgical treatment for hernias is very common. Each year, over one million surgeries for hernia repairs take place in the United States. Many of these surgeries involve the use of hernia mesh, which can lead to possible health complications.

According to the FDA, “Hernias have a high rate of recurrence, and surgeons often use surgical mesh to strengthen the hernia repair and reduce the rate of recurrence. Since the 1980s, there has been an increase in mesh-based hernia repairs—by 2000, non-mesh repairs represented less than 10% of groin hernia repair techniques.”

There are many serious complications and medical problems attached to the use of hernia mesh. If you have experienced any issues or problems with hernia mesh, contact us today.